Episode 003: Canis lupus

Researched By

Kevin Robinson

Written By

Kevin Robinson

Reviewed By

Alastair Small
Kim Pyne

Filmed On

11 July 2020


  1. Mech, David L. “Canis lupus.” Mammalian Species, vol. 37, 1974, pp. 1–6. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3503924
  2. Boitani, L.; Phillips, M.; & Jhala, Y. “Canis lupus (errata version published in 2020).” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 30 August 2018, https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T3746A163508960.en. Accessed 31 May 2020.
  3. Manganiello, Christopher J. “From a Howling Wilderness to Howling Safaris: Science, Policy and Red Wolves in the American South.” Journal of the History of Biology, vol. 42, no. 2, 2009, pp. 325–359. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/40271550
  4. Phillips, M. “Canis rufus (errata version published in 2020).” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 10 January 2018, https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T3747A163509841.en. Accessed 31 May 2020.
  5. Kays, R. “Canis latrans (errata version published in 2020).” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 10 January 2018, https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T3745A163508579.en. Accessed 31 May 2020.
  6. Hoffmann, M.; Arnold, J.; Duckworth, J.W.; Jhala, Y.; Kamler, J.F.; & Krofel, M. “Canis aureus (errata version published in 2020).” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 10 January 2018, https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T118264161A163507876.en. Accessed 31 May 2020.
  7. Hoffmann, M. “Canis mesomelas.” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 14 March 2014, https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T3755A46122476.en. Accessed 31 May 2020.
  8. Hoffmann, M. “Canis adustus.” The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 14 March 2014, https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T3753A46254734.en. Accessed 31 May 2020.
  9. Elbroch, Mark. Animal Skulls: A Guide to North American Species. First ed., Stackpole Books, 2006.
  10. Boitani, Luigi; Paquet, Paul C.; & Musiani, Marco. The World of Wolves: New Perspectives on Ecology, Behaviour, and Management. Third ed., University of Calgary Press, 2010.
  11. Wang, Xiaoming & Tedford, Richard H. Dogs: Their Fossil Relatives and Evolutionary History. Paperback ed., Columbia University Press, 2010.
  12. Mech, L. David & Boitani, Luigi. Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. Paperback ed., University of Chicago Press, 2006.
  13. Mech, David L. & International Wolf Magazine. “Do Wolves Cause Trophic Cascades?.” International Wolf, Fall 2014, p. 8–10.
  14. International Wolf Center Website. 2018. http://www.wolf.org. Accessed 06 June 2020.
  15. Daily Mail Reporter. “Egyptian golden jackal is actually a grey wolf scientists discover in DNA test.” The Daily Mail, 27 January 2011, https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1351029/Egyptian-golden-jackal-actually-grey-wolf-scientists-discover-DNA-test.html. Accessed 06 June 2020.
  16. Ripple, William J. & Beschta, Robert L. “Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: The first 15years after wolf reintroduction.” Biological Conservation, vol. 145, no. 1, 2012, pp. 205–213. Elsevier, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2011.11.005
  17. Winnie, John A., Jr. “Predation risk, elk, and aspen: tests of a behaviorally mediated trophic cascade in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.” Ecology, vol. 93, no. 12, 2012, pp. 2600–2614. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.com/stable/41739618
  18. National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park. Wolf Restoration. 2020. https://www.nps.gov/yell/learn/nature/wolf-restoration.htm. Accessed 14 June 2020.
  19. U.S. Department of the Interior. Bureau of Land Management Website. https://www.blm.gov/. Accessed 14 June 2020.
  20. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. ECOS Environmental Conservation Online System. https://ecos.fws.gov/ecp0/pub/SpeciesReport.do?groups=A&listingType=L&mapstatus=1. Accessed 19 June 2020.

Further Reading

  1. Terborgh, John & Estes, James A. Trophic Cascades: Predators, Prey, and the Changing Dynamics of Nature. First ed., Island Press, 2010.
  2. Robisch, S. K. Wolves and the Wolf Myth in American Literature. First ed., University of Nevada Press, 2009.
  3. Callan, Ramana; Nibbelink, Nathan P.; Rooney, Thomas P.; Wiedenhoeft, Jane E.; & Wydeven, Adrian P. “Recolonizing wolves trigger a trophic cascade in Wisconsin (USA).” Journal of Ecology, vol. 101, no. 4, 2013, pp. 837–845. JSTOR, https://www.jstor.org/stable/42580315
  4. Almberg, Emily S.; Cross, Paul C.; Dobson, Andrew P.; Smith, Douglas W.; & Hudson, Peter J. “Parasite invasion following host reintroduction: a case study of Yellowstone’s wolves.” Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, vol. 367, no. 1604, 2012, pp. 2840–2851. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/41740009
  5. Boitani, Luigi; Paquet, Paul C.; & Musiani, Marco. A New Era for Wolves and People: Wolf Recovery, Human Attitudes and Policy. First ed., University of Calgary Press, 2009.

Suggested Viewing

  1. “National Geographic: White Wolf.” National Geographic, 1986.
  2. “Kingdom of the White Wolf.” Kingdom of the White Wolf. National Geographic, 2019.
  3. “Wild Yellowstone (Series).” Wild Yellowstone. National Geographic, 3 December 2015.

Organisations to Support Grey Wolves

  1. International Wolf Center, http://www.wolf.org
  2. Wolf Park, http://www.wolfpark.org
  3. New York Wolf Center, http://www.nywolf.org
  4. Wolf Watch UK, http://www.wolfwatch.uk